Interest Receivable Journal Entry Example

interest receivable on balance sheet

The amount of accrued interest is posted as adjusting entries by both borrowers and lenders at the end of each month. The entry consists of interest income or interest expense on the income statement, and a receivable or payable account on the balance sheet. Since the payment of accrued interest is generally made within one year, it is classified as a current asset or current liability. Likewise, without proper journal entry at the end of the period, the company’s total assets in the balance sheet as well as total revenues in the income statement may be understated.

interest receivable on balance sheet

Small-business owners who prepare financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, report interest and other types of revenue under the accrual method. As a result, your books and records may include entries to both interest receivable and interest revenue accounts. The two accounts serve distinctly different purposes, but in many cases, you can’t have one without the other. Instead of being recorded as interest receivable on the balance sheet, any interest paid might be reported on the income statement when payment is received. The company’s journal entry credits bonds payable for the par value, credits interest payable for the accrued interest, and offsets those by debiting cash for the sum of par, plus accrued interest.

Adjusting Entries

Put another way, interest receivable is the expected interest revenue a company will receive. As long as it can be reasonably expected to be paid within a year, interest receivable is generally recorded as a current asset on the balance sheet. The interest receivable that the corporation recorded in the prior period adjusting entry will be removed after this journal entry.

Let’s work through a simple example of how to calculate and account for interest receivable and interest revenue for notes receivable. Accrued interest refers to interest generated on an outstanding debt during a period of time, but the payment has not yet been made or received by the borrower or lender. It represents the amount of interest a company has earned on loans or investments but has not yet received. The current asset that represents the amount of interest revenue that was reported as earned, but has not yet been received. However, in the agreement, the company XZY will pay interest on the first day of each month starting from Feb 1, 2021, until the end of note maturity. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool’s premium services.

interest receivable on balance sheet

For example, a Treasury bond with a $1,000 par value has a coupon rate of 6% paid semi-annually. The last coupon payment was made on March 31, and the next payment will be on September 30, which gives a period of 183 days. what is job order costing Doing this helps to reduce some of the works that add too little value to the company. The interest receivable journal entry is recorded when the company records the interest earned from lending money to its customers.


This method follows the matching principle of accounting, which states that revenues and expenses are recorded when they happen, instead of when payment is received or made. Interest receivable is a balance sheet account that reflects the interest income a business has earned but for which a customer or debtor has yet to pay, reports Accounting Coach. This type of account is commonly used by businesses that charge interest on loans and credit lines offered to customers. For example, suppose on June 1 a customer purchases $1,000 worth of equipment on credit and agrees to pay a monthly 1 percent interest charge on the unpaid balance. Until the interest is paid, or written off as uncollectible, the $10 is included in the interest receivable account. The company can make the interest receivable journal entry at the period end adjusting by debiting the interest receivable account and crediting the interest revenue account.

Suppose a company issues a $10,000 note at 9% annual interest to your company that will mature in 60 days. Accrued interest accumulates with the passage of time, and it is immaterial to a company’s operational productivity during a given period. However, according to the arrangement, Xero Ltd. will pay interest on the first day of each month beginning February 1, 2021, and continue until the note matures. Interest receivable is the amount of interest that has been earned, but which has not yet been received in cash.

  1. When the interest payment is received, the entry is a debit to the cash account and a credit to the interest receivable account, resulting in zeroing the interest receivable account balance.
  2. In this case, your company will need to account for accrued interest revenue on Dec. 31, 2015, to close out the books for the month and year, well before the note comes due on Feb. 8, 2016.
  3. For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online.

The amount of interest generated but not yet collected in cash is referred to as interest receivable. Many organizations will not record this amount because they believe it is insignificant. For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online. If there is a high chance of nonpayment, an offsetting bad debt allowance for a portion of the interest receivable may be necessary, lowering the net amount of the receivable. A firm might accumulate the best estimate of the interest receivable if there is a history of receiving significant interest revenue from this source. Because the chances of collection are slim and the amount is anticipated to be minimal, it may be appropriate for a company to forego accruing interest.

This happens frequently in accrual accounting — revenue is recognized before it is received in cash. How to calculate interest revenueInterest revenue is calculated and recorded separately of interest receivable. A note generally creates interest income even though the interest has yet to be paid in cash by the borrower. The borrower’s entry includes a debit in the interest expense account and a credit in the accrued interest payable account. The lender’s entry includes a debit in accrued interest receivable and a credit in the interest revenue. Interest revenue has a different meaning depending on whether the accrual basis or cash basis of accounting is used.

How to Adjust Journal Entries for Notes Receivable and Interest

Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. For example, on Jan 1, 2021, the company ABC lends $50,000 with the interest of 0.5% per month to the company XYZ. The note has 24 months maturity, in which the company XYZ will pay back the principal at the end of maturity. To record interest receivable, the first thing to do is open up your general ledger, and then under Loans, make a new account that notes Interest Receivable as of the name. If a company has invested money or issued a loan to a third party, the amount of interest due on the funds or loan should be accrued until the balance sheet date on which the interest due is disclosed.

Do You Debit or Credit Accrued Interest?

Accrual-based accounting requires revenues and expenses to be recorded in the accounting period when they are incurred, regardless of when the cash payments are made. The accrual-based accounting method discloses a company’s financial health more accurately than the cash-based method. Under GAAP, revenue is recorded on a company’s books when it’s earned and realizable, reports Accounting Tools. In other words, interest revenue is reported once your business has fulfilled all obligations of a transaction, such as delivering goods to a customer who purchases them on credit. Interest is realizable if you fully expect to receive payment in the future.

That interest can be categorized as either “interest receivable” or “interest revenue.” These accounting terms have slightly different meanings. Accurate and timely accrued interest accounting is important for lenders and for investors who are trying to predict the future liquidity, solvency, and profitability of a company. Accrued interest normally is recorded as of the last day of an accounting period. Under the bond perspective, accrued interest refers to the part of the interest that has been incurred but not paid since the last payment day of the bond interest. Bonds can be traded in the market every day, while their interests are usually paid annually or semi-annually.

For example, if you loaned $1,000 to a friend and she paid you $50 in interest at the end of each year, her interest would be $550 ($50 x 5 years). Volatility profiles based on trailing-three-year calculations of the standard deviation of service investment returns. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.


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